A district is an administrative division of a state. Each district in India has an officer-in-charge who represents the state governments in that area in the capacity of Collector/District Magistrate. The office of the collector, is the chief representative of government in a District. District Collectors are entrusted with a wide range of duties in the jurisdiction of the district, which generally involve :
As District Magistrate
- Maintenance of law and order.
- Supervision of the police and jails.
- Supervision of subordinate Executive Magistracy.
- Hearing cases under the preventive section of the Criminal Procedure Code.
- Supervision of jails and certification of execution of capital sentences.
- Arbitrator of land acquisition.
- Disaster management during natural calamities such as floods, famines or epidemics.
- Crisis management during riots or external aggression.
- Land assessment
- Land acquisition
- Collection of excise duties, irrigation dues etc.
- Distribution of agricultural loans
- Chairman of the District Bankers Coordination Committee
- Head of the District Industries Centre